Bearded Oat

Bearded Oat 3.

Common name

Bearded Oat

Scientific Name

Avena barbata

Type of plant

Grasses (Family Poaceae)

About this weed

There are a number of the Avena species (oats) in urban bushland and the South-West Province. The Bearded Oat is the most common in urban bushland whilst the Wild Oat is more common in crops. These Mediterranean annuals can grow to well over 1 m tall and become a major fire hazard if not removed.

Description

An erect annual grass-like plant growing to between 0.3-1m high.

Impact on Bushland

Bearded Oats are able to out compete native grasses and they form an extensive, fibrous root systems. They increase the fuel load in bushland they can increase fire frequencies. Reportedly it needs disturbance to establish but are capable of adapting to environmental conditions, such as different water and light availability, higher mean temperatures and altitude. They self pollinate and produce prolific seed. Buried seed often remains dormant until exposed by cultivation or other disturbance. Predominantly the weed germinates after onset of autumn rains an herbicide resistance has been recorded.

Location

Found in a variety of soils across the South-West Province.

Priority for removal

High: major threat to the conservation values of Banksia woodlands.

Management (hand)

Hand pull before seeds develop.

Management (herbicide)

Spray at 3-5 leaf stage with Fusilade Forte at 16 ml/10 L + wetting agent or for generic fluazifop-p (212g/L active ingredient) 10mL/10L or 0.5L/ha + wetting agent. Repeat over the following 2 years. Aim to prevent seed production. Read the manufacturers’ labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. Optimal treatment from July to October.

Flowering month/s

September, October, November

Flower colour/s

Green

Information source

https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/browse/profile/233

Additional information

https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/weeds/swanweeds

Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. and Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia, Second Edition, The Weeds Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park, Western Australia.

Bearded Oat images


Donations

Donations and support from the wider community help us to protect and campaign for our Urban Bushland.

Make a donation

newsletter Signup

Get the latest news and key events delivered to your inbox.

Become a Member

We are a peak environmental group in WA. One of our key strengths is our amazing group and individual members.

Become member
Location

Urban Bushland Council WA Inc

2 Delhi Street West Perth WA 6005

PO Box 326 West Perth WA 6872

(08) 9420 7207 (please leave a message)