Fountain Grass

Fountain Grass 3.

Common name

Fountain Grass

Scientific Name

Cenchrus setaceus

Type of plant

Grasses (Family Poaceae)

About this weed

This perennial grass was originally introduced from tropical Africa and the Middle East but is now widespread in disturbed areas on the Swan Coastal Plain and as far north as Geraldton. It was originally used for ornamental purposes and sand binding. Is declared a noxious weed in New South Wales and Queensland.  It out competes native plants and increases fuel loads in summer and autumn.

Description

This tufted, perennial appears in spring and actively grows through till the end of summer. Water availability (particularly wetter summers) affects seed production and may favour the spread of seed. Seed set can occur without fertilisation. Seedlings readily establish in wetter years and then become drought tolerant in drier years, allowing it to maintain dominance over other grasses.

Impact on Bushland

Fountain Grass readily out-competes native plants and can alter nutrient cycling and increase fire fuel loads. It has a high phenotypic plasticity – Phenotypic plasticity refers to some of the changes in an organism’s behavior, morphology and physiology in response to a unique environment (source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenotypic_plasticity). It recovers well from defoliation by rapidly reshooting and flowering.

Location

Found in woodlands, grasslands, coastal vegetation, rail embankments, roadsides and mines.

Priority for removal

High: major threat to the conservation values of Banksia woodlands and other vegetation types.

Management (hand)

Dig out small infestations and slash bigger infestations in winter.

Management (herbicide)

Spray with 1% glyphosate + penetrant in spring to autumn. Follow up seedling control and treatment until regrowth ceases. Use unplanned fire events to effectively control any regrowth. Read the manufacturers’ labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. Optimum treatment should be done in March, April, November and December. Spraying can also be done occasionally in May.

Flowering month/s

January, February, August, September, October, November, December

Flower colour/s

No data

Information source

https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/browse/profile/41568

Additional information

https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/weeds/swanweeds/

Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. and Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia, Second Edition, The Weeds Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park, Western Australia.

Fountain Grass images


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Location

Urban Bushland Council WA Inc

2 Delhi Street West Perth WA 6005

PO Box 326 West Perth WA 6872

(08) 9420 7207 (please leave a message)